There are two types of phobia, anxiety disorder related phobias and specific phobias.
Specific phobias are those which require a very specific catalyst in order to cause anxiety, for example, fear of spiders, heights or dogs.
Anxiety disorder related phobias such as agoraphobia and social phobia only develop as a result of developing an underlying anxiety disorder where the baseline level of anxiety has become adjusted to a much higher level and the sufferer experiences constant, inappropriate anxiety.
Social phobia occurs most often when the sufferer is interacting with other people or has to attend a social event for example. This often causes the sufferer to become inappropriately anxious or to suffer the extreme end of the anxiety spectrum with symptoms such as panic attacks for example.
Agoraphobia is a more general phobia experienced by anxiety disorder sufferers. Agoraphobia can cause sufferers to become hermits, leaving their place of safety very rarely, if at all. Some sufferers can leave home, but only with a person they trust. Others are able to travel long distances but only to places they know well.
Phobias are far reaching symptoms of anxiety disorder and can be the most limiting symptom of such a disorder. If a sufferer is unable to leave their home, it makes working and socializing impossible.
Remove the underlying anxiety and the phobias slip away. There has never been a case in the world where a person with social phobia or agoraphobia hasn't suffered with an underlying anxiety disorder.
Read more Phobia Information